The Apple Watch Is Inching Toward Becoming a Medical Device

The Apple Watch Is Inching Toward Becoming a Medical Device

Apple is trying to turn its smartwatch from a niche gadget into a lifeline to better health by slowly evolving it into a medical device.

In its fourth incarnation, called the Series 4 and due out later this month, the Apple Watch will add features that allow it to take high-quality heart readings and detect falls. It’s part of Apple’s long-in-the-making strategy to give people a distinct reason to buy a wrist gadget that largely does things smartphones already do.

Since the Apple Watch launched in April 2015 , most people haven’t figured out why they need to buy one. Apple doesn’t release sales figures, but estimates from two analysts suggest the company shipped roughly 18 million of the gadgets in 2017. Apple sold almost twelve times as many iPhones – 216 million – that year. Apple shipped another 7.3 million during the first half of this year, according to Canalys Research, compared to more than 93 million iPhones.

Worldwide, about 48 million smartwatches are expected to be sold this year compared to nearly 1.9 billion phones, according to the research firm Gartner.

Apple CEO Tim Cook has long aimed to emphasise the health- and fitness-tracking abilities of the smartwatch. The original version featured a heart-rate sensor that fed data into fitness and workout apps so they could suggest new goals and offer digital “rewards” for fitness accomplishments.

Two years later, Apple called its watch “the ultimate device for a healthy life,” emphasizing water resistance for swimmers and built-in GPS for tracking runs or cycling workouts. In February, the company announced that the watch would track skiing and snowboarding runs , including data on speed and vertical descent.

The latest Apple Watch version unveiled Wednesday is pushing the health envelope even further – in particular by taking electrocardiograms, or EKGs, on the device, a feature given clearance by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Apple said. The watch will also watch for irregular heartbeats and can detect when the wearer has fallen, the company said.

EKGs are important tests of heart health that typically require a doctor visit. The feature gained an onstage endorsement from Ivor Benjamin, a cardiologist who heads the American Heart Association, who said such real-time data would change the way doctors work.

“This is enormous,” Gartner analyst Tuong Nguyen said of the Apple Watch’s EKG feature. It could turn smartwatches “from something people buy for prestige into something they buy for more practical reasons,” he said.

It could also lead some health insurance plans to subsidise the cost of an Apple Watch, Nguyen said. That would help defray the $400 (roughly Rs. 28,600) starting price for a device that still requires a companion iPhone that can now cost more than $1,000 (roughly Rs. 72,000).

The watch will use new sensors on the back and on the watch dial. A new app will say whether each reading is normal or shows signs of atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is an irregular heart rate that increases the risk of heart complications, such as stroke and heart failure.

Apple says the heart data can be shared with doctors through a PDF file, though it’s not yet clear how ready doctors are to receive a possible flood of new EKG data from patients – nor how useful they will find the electronic files.

This new features will be available to US customers later this year, Apple said – an indication that it may not be ready for launch.

Fall detection could also be significant, especially for elderly users. The new Apple Watch claims to be able to tell the difference between and trip and a fall – and when the latter occurs, it will suggest calling 911. If it receives no response within a minute, the watch will automatically place an emergency call and message friends and family designated as emergency contacts.

Only certain Apple Watch models support cellular calls, but those that don’t can still make emergency calls when near a paired iPhone or Wi-Fi service.

Apple says it monitored some 2,500 people – measuring how they fell off ladders, missed a step while walking or got their legs caught in their pants while getting dressed. It used that data to separate real falls from other heavy wrist movements, such as clapping and hammering.

The feature will turn on automatically for users 65 and over; younger people can activate it in the settings. “I can see kids buying one for their parents and grandparents,” said analyst Patrick Moorhead of Moor Insights.

But the Apple Watch still lacks one feature found in rival wrist gadgets: the ability to analyse sleep quality. Battery life in the new watch remains at 18 hours, meaning it needs a daily – or nightly – recharge.


Magic Leap’s Augmented Reality Gear Meets Actual Reality, and Stumbles

Magic Leap's Augmented Reality Gear Meets Actual Reality, and Stumbles

Tech’s “next big thing” is looking more like a “maybe in a few more years thing.”

Magic Leap, a Florida start-up, has raised $2.3 billion (yes, billion) (roughly Rs. 16,300 crores) from investors on the promise it can mix computer-generated images into regular human sight. Think Pokémon Go built into glasses. Cloaked in secrecy for seven years, it released dazzling demo videos and let a few sample its newfangled View Master under controlled conditions.

Now come the unvarnished reviews. The company’s first product, the $2,295 (roughly Rs. 1.62 lakhs) Magic Leap One, recently began shipping to developers. The Washington Post bought a pair, and I’ve been using it to test the Magic Leap augmented-reality experience.

Here’s my real reality experience: Right now, Magic Leap isn’t even a very good parlour trick. The product lets you walk around a room, tethered only to a disc-shaped computer worn on your hip, and experience a few 3D apps that map into the space around you. But it is not dramatically better than competing (and not terribly compelling) AR gear already out there, such as Microsoft’s HoloLens.

Palmer Luckey, the ex-CEO of virtual reality pioneer Oculus and a rival, has been even more pointed. This week, he wrote, “Magic Leap is a tragic heap.” (The company says he misunderstands its tech.)

Why should you care? You probably won’t be buying a Magic Leap any time soon. But we’re not going to be staring down at phone screens forever, ignoring family members and walking into traffic. Apple and other tech companies are eying AR as a phone replacement, too. AR glasses have wider potential than virtual reality gear, which effectively blindfolds you. The Magic Leap goggles, called Lightware, are translucent. When you wear them, it looks like a virtual world is painted on top of the real one – a creature is running around your desk, a web browser window is hanging on your wall.

There is, no doubt, a lot to be worked out for a new kind of computing device. But I’m surprised Magic Leap isn’t further along on the basics – or even just some experiences to make you go “whoa.” The Magic Leap One can’t be dismissed as just a prototype. Not only is it for sale, the company has announced a partnership to, at some point, bring a product to AT&T stores for demonstrations. Magic Leap says this first version is for “creators” and programmers.

Most curious: The company blamed some of my challenges on an improper fit of its headgear. My fit had been set up by an agent Magic Leap sends to all deliver all purchases. I was left wondering how they’ll ever sell the product to millions if hardware calibration is that delicate.

So what’s it like? Here’s six things that stand out about the real-life Magic Leap experience upon its debut.

1) Only a fraction of your view gets augmented, which ruins the magic.
The ultimate test for any augmented-vision tech: Do you feel like you’re in a different world . . . or at least on some hallucinogenic substance? You can see some trippy things, but there’s no way you’ll forget what’s producing them.

Looking through these lenses, it’s like there is a box that fills about half the frame where all the 3-D images appear. If you move slightly, the virtual object you’re looking gets awkwardly cropped. Magic Leap’s field of view – about 50 degrees – is a bit wider than some rivals. But it still isn’t enough to feel like a leap.

A few other factors also ruin the fantasy. Virtual objects that are supposed to be black can appear transparent. And the colours in general are like neon.

2) It tired my eyes quickly.
After about 20 minutes of wearing the Magic Leap One, my eyes started to feel like I’d been staring at a laptop screen for six hours. The same happened to a colleague who doesn’t normally wear glasses. This doesn’t happen to either of us with VR headsets.

Magic Leap says our eyestrain is uncommon. You can’t wear glasses inside the device, though Magic Leap says this fall it will begin to sell corrective lenses you can add onto the device.

3) There’s not much to do with it, so far.
Usually when I test a new kind of technology, I demo it to people of different ages and of different technical expertise. (I’m available for show and tell at dinners and kids’ parties.) But that was especially hard to do with Magic Leap because it comes with so few apps.

The best experience is an app called Create. It lets you paint in 3D and create dioramas with pre-made animated creatures.

Others, like an NBA experience, weren’t as compelling. A game called Dr. Grordbort’s Invaders is advertised on the device though not yet shipping.

My greater worry is that Magic Leap doesn’t seem to have figured out how to offer AR experiences that are fundamentally better than what we’ve seen before. Magic Leap says its goal with this product is to get it into the hands of creators who will come up with those ideas.

4) It is comfy on your head – but you can’t pass it along.
The Magic Leap One is more comfortable to wear than many other face computers. That’s because the company smartly chose to put the heaviest bits, including the processor and roughly 3-hour battery, into that circular computer that clips into a pocket or you wear with straps like a purse. The headpiece itself weighs three quarters of a pound, and sits above your ears, higher on the back of your head than you might think.

Unfortunately, the individually calibrated nature of the product makes it hard to just hand your glasses over to a buddy to try.

5) “Spatial computing” is cool, but the remote control doesn’t make sense
The best thing about Magic Leap is that it knows where you are in relation to everything else in the room. A bunch of sensors on the headgear map the space around you, so you’re free to just move around the room and interact with virtual things. Can’t quite read some text on a virtual sign? Physically move closer to inspect it, just like you would in the real world.

But interacting with the world isn’t smooth because of the included remote, which is like a cross between an Apple TV clicker and an XBox controller. The buttons aren’t intuitive in 3D space, and there’s not much unity between how you use it in different apps: Is it a trackpad? A magic wand? A lightsaber?

I was confused by the user interface in several apps. For example, in a web browser app, you can leave windows to hang out at different parts of the room. But how do you collect, move and close all the windows you leave littered around the room? (Just when you thought opening too many web browser tabs was a problem . . .)

The Magic Leap One can also track your hand movements and the position of your eyes, which could unlock interesting potential. Few apps yet take advantage of it.

6) Yep, you look like an idiot wearing this.
Google Glass was sunk, in part, by how it made its owners look. The Magic Leap One looks like a prop from “Mad Max: Fury Road” – very cool if you’re looking for a futuristic costume, but not something you’d wear walking down the street. (Magic Leap doesn’t recommend wearing it outdoors, anyway.)

The design also introduces social problems. Though you can see the people around you, they have no idea what you’re looking at – if you’re paying attention, or even if you’re recording them. This information imbalance also contributed to Google Glass’ woes.


Xiaomi Mijia Air Quality Detector With PM2.5, CO2 Indicators Launched: Price, Specifications

Xiaomi Mijia Air Quality Detector With PM2.5, CO2 Indicators Launched: Price, Specifications

Xiaomi has unveiled yet another smart home gadget under the Mijia brand – the Mijia Air Detector in China. This is the second such air quality detector from the Chinese giant which focuses on a lot more than just pollution levels. Mijia’s newest gadget offers access to vital information such as PM2.5 levels, CO2 levels, TVOC, temperature, and humidity among other things. As part of Xiaomi’s smart home ecosystem, the Mijia Air Detector can connect wirelessly to other gadgets like the Mi Air Purifier, Mi Humidifier, etc.

The Xiaomi Mijia Air Detector has been priced at CNY 399 (roughly Rs. 4,200) and first went on sale at 12am on November 11, Singles Day, in China via Xiaomi’s Youpin portal. It sports a 3.97-inch display with a resolution of 800×480 pixels. It supports connectivity via the USB Type-C port, and comes with support for 5V/ 1A (5W) charging. apple mac mini 2018 ifixit teardown ram storage cpu repairability score  latest air quality detector is compatible with devices running Android 4.3 and above or iOS 9.0 and above.

Dimensions of the air quality indicator are 109x64x29.5mm and weight is 182 grams. It supports single-band Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g/n. Apart from the five above-mentioned indicators, the Mijia Air Quality Detector also shows time, date, day, and type of weather.

PM2.5 or Particulate Matter sized less than 2.5 micrometers is the major highlight of this detector considering it significantly impacts air pollution levels. Then, TVOCs (Total Volatile Organic Compounds) are also tracked by the detector apart from the amount of carbon dioxide in the surrounding air. Other indicators like temperature and humidity give you a holistic idea of real-time weather.

The Mi Home app, on Android and iOS, can be used to view all of these indicators on a connected device as well. Xiaomi had launched its first air quality detector back in 2016 with a minimal approach to information. Sporting a small OLED panel, this monitor shows the PM2.5 levels, alongside battery and Wi-Fi status, on a black background.


Computer Baba Presses Refresh Button, To Back Congress In Madhya Pradesh

Computer Baba Presses Refresh Button, To Back Congress In Madhya Pradesh

A group of religious figures led by Computer Baba on Friday declared support to the Congress for the assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh.

It marks a radical change in the political stand of Swami Namdev Tyagi, popularly known as Computer Baba, who had been appointed as a minister of state by the BJP government.

Computer Baba had organised “Narmade Sansad”, a gathering of like-minded religious leaders from various states including Uttar Pradesh, on Friday to decide which party they should support in the polls.

“The saints will support the Congress,” he said at the gathering.

“When we can give fifteen years to them (the Bharatiya Janata Party), then we can surely give five years to Congress,” he said.

“If Congress upholds dharma, we will go with them in future or else we will withdraw the support,” he said.

In April, the BJP government in the state accorded him the status of Minister of State along with five others by appointing him on a committee for conservation of the river Narmada.

Before that, he had announced a “yatra” (procession) to expose illegal sand mining in the Narmada.


He resigned in October, accusing Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan of being a hypocrite and not fulfilling the promises made to him. The BJP government did little to stop illegal mining in the river, he alleged.


He’s Head Of Japan’s Cybersecurity But Has “Never Used A Computer”

He's Head Of Japan's Cybersecurity But Has 'Never Used A Computer'

Japan’s recently appointed cybersecurity and Olympics minister has told parliament he has never used a computer in his life, though he is responsible for overseeing cybersecurity preparations for the 2020 Tokyo Summer Games.

Yoshitaka Sakurada, 68, was named to the two posts last month by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, having never held a cabinet position before during his 18 years in parliament.

The minister made the admission at a parliamentary committee meeting on Wednesday when asked by an opposition lawmaker if he was computer literate.

“I’ve been independent since I was 25 and have always directed my staff and secretaries to do that kind of thing,” Sakurada replied. “I’ve never used a computer!”

Sakurada had said that he recognised that “firmly carrying out cybersecurity from a citizen’s standpoint” was part of his job.

When asked by the lawmaker how someone lacking computer skills could be in charge of cybersecurity, Sakurada said policy was decided broadly by a number of people in his office and the national government, and he was confident there would be no problems.



MHT CET 2019 Exam To Be Online; Syllabus, Marking Scheme Details Here

MHT CET 2019 Exam To Be Online; Syllabus, Marking Scheme Details Here

MHT CET 2019 will be conducted in online mode for the first time in 2019. State Common Entrance Test Cell, Maharashtra has released the syllabus and marking scheme for the Computer Based Test (CBT) MHTCET 2019-20. The State Entrance Cell is yet to release the schedule for the examination. However, based on previous year’s trends, the application process is expected to begin in February next year.

As per the notice released by State Entrance Cell, the CBT for MHT CET 2019 will have three papers. Paper I will be Mathematics, paper II will be Physics and Chemistry, and Paper III will be Biology (Zoology and Botany). Each paper will carry 100 marks and will have objective questions.

In case of Mathematics, the question paper will have 50 questions carrying 2 marks each thus making the total 100 marks.

In case of Paper II and III, there would 100 objective questions carrying 1 mark each.

There will be no negative marking, however the difficulty level for mathematics, Physics and Chemistry will be of JEE Main level and the difficulty level for Biology paper will be of NEET UG level.

The questions will be based on the syllabus of Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education. Approximately 20% weightage will be given to class 11th syllabus and 80% weightage will be given to class 12th syllabus.

While the question paper will cover entire syllabus of class 12, only certain topics from class 11 syllabus will be covered in the question paper. Students can find the syllabus and marking scheme details for MHT CET 2019 on the official website for Maharashtra CET.


India Post Payments Bank: Transaction Limit And Charges You Pay For Instant Money Transfer

India Post Payments Bank: Transaction Limit And Charges You Pay For Instant Money Transfer

Other than providing a free intra-bank fund transfer service to its customers, India Post Payments Bank also provides instant money transfer services. IPPB or India Post Payments Bank charges a fee ranging from Rs. 2.5 to Rs. 50 per transaction from its customers for instant money transfer through NEFT, RTGS and IMPS payments platforms, according to the government-owned payments bank’s website – NEFT (National Electronic Funds Transfer), RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) and IMPS (Immediate Payment Service) are payments platforms that enable instant money transfer – also known as wire transfer – from one bank account to another through computer systems.

India Post Payments Bank instant money transfer – transaction limits and transaction charges

For NEFT transfers initiated from access points, India Post Payments Bank charges a fee of Rs. 2.5-25 per transaction from its customers, according to its website. The bank charges a fee ranging from Rs. 2.5 to Rs. 20 for an NEFT transaction made through mobile banking, it noted.

Mode of money transfer Transaction size (rupees) Charges at access point and doorstep (rupees) Charges for mobile banking (rupees)
Intra Bank(IPPB account to IPPB account) Free Free Free
IMPS Up to 2,000 10 5
2,001-5,000 20 5
Above 5,000 50 10
NEFT Up to 10,000 2.5 2.5
10,001 to 1 lakh 5 5
1 lakh to 2 lakh 15 10
Above 2 lakh 25 20
RTGS 2 lakh to 5 lakh 25 25
Above 5 lakh 50 50

For instant fund transfer through RTGS, the payments bank – which started countrywide operations in September this year – charges a fee of Rs. 25-50 per transaction, according to its website.


India Post Payments Bank customers are charged a fee of Rs. 5-50 per transaction for instant money transfer through IMPS, according to the lender’s portal.


Does Not Compute: Japan Cyber-Security Minister Admits Shunning PCs

Does Not Compute: Japan Cyber-Security Minister Admits Shunning PCs

A Japanese minister in charge of cyber-security has provoked astonishment by admitting he has never used a computer in his professional life, and appearing confused by the concept of a USB drive.

Yoshitaka Sakurada, 68, is the deputy chief of the government’s cyber-security strategy office and also the minister in charge of the Olympic and Paralympic Games that Tokyo will host in 2020.

In parliament on Wednesday however, he admitted he doesn’t use computers.

“Since the age of 25, I have instructed my employees and secretaries, so I don’t use computers myself,” he said in a response to an opposition question in a lower house session, local media reported.

He also appeared confused by the question when asked about whether USB drives were in use at Japanese nuclear facilities.

His comments were met with incredulity by opposition lawmakers.

“It’s unbelievable that someone who has not touched computers is responsible for cyber-security policies,” said opposition lawmaker Masato Imai.

And his comments provoked a firestorm online.

“Doesn’t he feel ashamed?” wrote one Twitter user.

“Today any company president uses a PC. He doesn’t even know what a USB is. Holy cow.”

Another joked that perhaps Sakurada was simply engaged in his own kind of cyber-security.

“If a hacker targets this Minister Sakurada, they wouldn’t be able to steal any information. Indeed it might be the strongest kind of security!”

Sakurada has been in office just over a month, after being appointed in a cabinet reshuffle following Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s reelection as head of his political party.

But he has already come fire for other gaffes in parliament including garbling an opposition lawmaker’s name and repeatedly stating “I don’t know the details” when questioned about his new Olympic brief.


New Discovery Shows Glass Made From Exploding Stars

New Discovery Shows Glass Made From Exploding Stars

A supernova occurs when a large star burns through its own fuel (Representational Image)

Paris, France: The next time you’re gazing out of the window in search of inspiration, keep in mind the material you’re looking through was forged inside the heart of an exploding ancient star.

An international team of scientists said Friday they had detected silica — the main component of glass — in the remnants of two distant supernovae billions of light years from Earth.

Researchers used NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope to analyse the light emitted by the collapsing mega-cluster and obtain silica’s “fingerprint” based on the specific wavelength of light the material is known to emit.

A supernova occurs when a large star burns through its own fuel, causing a catastrophic collapse ending in an explosion of galactic proportions. It is in these celestial maelstroms that individual atoms fuse together to form many common elements, including sulphur and calcium.

Silica makes up around 60 percent of the Earth’s crust and one particular form, quartz, is a major ingredient of sand.

As well as glass windows and fibreglass, silica is also an important part of the recipe for industrial concrete.

“We’ve shown for the first time that the silica produced by the supernovae was significant enough to contribute to the dust throughout the Universe, including the dust that ultimately came together to form our home planet,” said Haley Gomez, from Cardiff University’s School of Physics and Astronomy.

“Every time we gaze through a window, walk down the pavement or set foot on a sandy beach, we are interacting with material made by exploding stars that burned millions of years ago.”

In 2016, scientists reported they had found traces of lithium — a metal used in the manufacture of many modern-day electronics — at the heart of exploding nova, a phenomenon that occurs when a white dwarf star absorbs hydrogen from a nearby sun.



No Children For 4 Years, UP Man Pushes Wife From Second Floor Window

No Children For 4 Years, UP Man Pushes Wife From Second Floor Window

A woman was allegedly pushed by her husband from the second floor window of their house in Uttar Pradesh’s Moradabad. Police say the woman could not deliver a child in the four years of marriage which led the man to commit the crime. They also had frequent fights for this reason.

The woman has suffered a broken arm and a fractured leg and is recuperating at the hospital. The accused has been arrested.

Three pistols were also recovered from the man who was arrested late on Monday night. According to the police, the man used to threaten his wife with the pistols.

The accused allegedly hit her frequently and even pressured her for dowry.

On Sunday night, an alleged quarrel over children led to the man hitting his wife. Police say he hit her head with the blunt end of a pistol and later pushed her off the window.

The woman’s brother has registered a case with the police and further investigation is underway.